Probiotic VS Multivitamin

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probiotic vs multivitamin

Supplements abound on supermarket and pharmacy shelves these days. There are numerous types of supplements available, and marketers have led some people to believe that supplements are the ultimate solution to a problem that their doctor was unable to treat.

While this may be an exaggeration, probiotics and multivitamin supplements can be beneficial in certain situations. If the various types of supplements confuse you every time you go to the pharmacy, this article will help.

Let's examine what probiotics and multivitamins are, how they differ, and who should take them.


What exactly are multivitamins?

Multivitamins, also known as multivitamin supplements, are exogenous vitamins that come in a variety of forms such as capsules, tablets, liquids, and powders.


They are the world's most popular supplements, but what do they do?

These supplements, on the other hand, provide the body with vitamins, which are chemicals required for a variety of chemical reactions in the body. All vitamins are found in our diet, and multivitamin supplements may be ineffective in healthy people.

However, in certain diseased states, the body depletes a vitamin, which can result in unpleasant signs and symptoms depending on the vitamin deficient.

There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Vitamins A, D, E, and K are the most important fat-soluble vitamins. Vitamins B and C are the most important water-soluble vitamins. Some vitamin supplements contain only one vitamin, such as vitamin D, while others contain a diverse array of vitamins.

Multivitamin supplements may also contain micronutrients such as zinc and iron, which are necessary for proper metabolism.

Here is a list of the most important functions of some vitamins, as well as what happens when they are deficient:


Vitamin A

Is necessary for good vision, healthy skin, and a healthy immune system. A lack of it can cause night blindness, dry and scaly skin, 

and immune dysfunction.


Vitamin B9 

Is necessary for red blood cell formation. Anemia, which can cause fatigue, is caused by deficiency. Pregnant women who are vitamin B9 deficient may have children with nervous system defects.


Vitamin B12

 Is also required for the formation of red blood cells. Because B12 is found in animal-derived foods, vegetarians and the elderly are particularly vulnerable to deficiency. Patients who have had stomach surgery may develop B12 deficiency, which manifests as anemia and central nervous system issues such as numb hands and feet. A vitamin B12 supplement can benefit all of these groups.


Vitamin C

 Is required for healthy blood vessels, and a lack can cause bleeding gums and easy bruising.


Vitamin D 

Is required for strong bones, and older adults and postmenopausal women who are prone to fractures due to osteoporosis may benefit from a supplement.


Vitamin K 

Is needed for normal blood clotting, and a lack can result in abnormal bleeding.

If you experience any of the above symptoms, you may be suffering from a vitamin deficiency. You must report your symptoms to your doctor before beginning a multivitamin supplement because some vitamin deficiencies are diagnosed through blood tests.

While multivitamin supplements are generally safe, taking too many vitamins can be harmful to your health.

This is especially true for fat-soluble vitamins, which are stored in body fat and are difficult to wash out. Excess vitamin A, for example, can cause liver enlargement, joint pains, and fetal abnormalities in pregnant women.

If you take a supplement in addition to a healthy, well-balanced diet, you may accumulate vitamin excess. As a result, it's always a good idea to consult a doctor before trying out a new supplement.


What exactly are probiotics?

Probiotic supplements are bacteria, to put it simply. You may believe that consuming bacteria is dangerous (and strange), but there are many bacteria found naturally in your gut.

Over 500 species of bacteria are found in a healthy gut and are required for the digestive system to function normally. The gut microbiome is what this is called, and the goal of probiotics is to support and increase the number of healthy bacteria in the gut.

Probiotics, unlike vitamins, are not absorbed in the blood. Instead, they remain in the gut and help to restore the bacterial balance.

While a healthy person is unlikely to benefit from a probiotic supplement, they have been shown to be beneficial in conditions such as:

  • Diarrhea
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) (IBS)

  • C difficile infection, which is frequently caused by antibiotic use and can manifest as diarrhea
  • Inflammatory bowel disease includes conditions such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.
  • Allergies to foods
  • Urinary and vaginal infections

You may not realize it, but the vagina, like the gut, is home to a large colony of bacteria that is required for normal functioning and infection prevention. Similarly to the gut, the bacterial balance in the vagina can become abnormal, leading to vaginal infections.

Probiotic supplements may help restore vaginal bacterial balance and treat symptoms, but there isn't enough evidence for them to replace conventional treatment just yet.

Some people mix up probiotics and prebiotics. Prebiotics, unlike probiotics, do not contain bacteria. However, they, like probiotics, increase the number of beneficial bacteria in the gut by acting as food for them.

You should also be aware that, like vitamins, probiotics can be obtained through natural foods. These are some examples:

  • Kimchi
  • Yogurt
  • Kombucha
  • Miso
  • Sauerkraut

And, as with multivitamins, consult your doctor before experimenting with new probiotic supplements.


The FDA does not strictly regulate probiotics and vitamins.

You should be aware that supplements, unlike drugs, are not strictly regulated by the FDA. If you do not buy your supplements from a well-known, research-oriented supplement company, you risk receiving a low-quality, ineffective product.

Before purchasing a probiotic supplement, make sure to check the bacterial strain and ask your doctor if it is effective for your condition. Check the expiration date as well, because expired probiotic supplements contain inactive, dead bacteria.

When purchasing vitamin supplements, carefully read the label. Many vitamin supplements contain iron, which may be harmful to people with hemochromatosis. Iron overload can cause GI issues and vomiting in healthy people as well.



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