How To Treat Iodine Deficiency With Diet And Supplements

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How To Treat Iodine Deficiency With Diet And Supplements

 Iodine Deficiency Treatment Through Diet and Supplements

Iodine is an essential vitamin for our bodies because it helps to maintain several biological systems. Iodine-rich foods are an essential component of a healthy diet, but not everyone gets enough of them on a regular basis. Continue reading to learn more about the symptoms of iodine deficiency, natural ways to get iodine in your diet, and the various types of iodine supplements available.


What exactly is iodine?

Iodine is a trace mineral that is needed to make the thyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). It's essential for sleep, metabolism, and general development and growth. Most individuals obtain enough iodine on a daily basis, although supplementation may be essential in rare cases to overcome a deficit.


What is iodine deficiency?

Your body doesn't get as much iodine as it needs when you have an iodine deficit. "A lack of iodine in the diet is the most prevalent cause of iodine insufficiency," explains Kasey Nichols, NMD, a naturopathic medicine specialist. "Iodine deficit can cause major health problems. Iodine insufficiency is very uncommon in the United States, thanks to the introduction of iodine in table salt in 1924."

Although most Americans get adequate iodine from a standard Western diet, it's vital to know the signs and symptoms of an iodine deficiency and how they might affect your general health.

Iodine insufficiency is characterized by weight gain, learning difficulties, frequent chills, and weariness. Goiter, a bulge in the neck produced by an enlarged thyroid gland, is one of the more severe and visible signs of an iodine deficit. Other thyroid difficulties, such as hypothyroidism, are more likely in those who are lacking in iodine (a thyroid disease caused by insufficient thyroid hormone production). Severe iodine shortage in growing children can lead to various health issues such as intellectual impairment, slowed brain development, and stunted growth.

Iodine deficiency can be treated by increasing one's consumption of iodine-rich foods or taking iodine supplements.


How do I know if I need iodine? 

Contacting your healthcare professional is the first step in identifying an iodine shortage. He or she will be able to identify if you are deficient in dietary iodine by testing your iodine levels in a variety of methods. This approach can be aided by a number of different tests.

Urine and blood tests are the two most popular iodine tests, and both are rapid and straightforward procedures to monitor iodine levels. A urinalysis, on the other hand, may not be as accurate as a blood test. A more in-depth urine loading test, which displays the iodine content in your urine over the course of 24 hours, is another possibility. Although obtaining all urine samples for a full day is cumbersome, this is a very accurate test. Finally, the iodine patch test takes around 24 hours to complete, although it is less accurate. In this test, your doctor will apply iodine to an area of skin and watch how rapidly the body absorbs it.

A doctor may need to run further tests, such as a TSH test, based on the findings of these tests and the patient's symptoms to identify thyroid hormone levels and how they may have been influenced by low iodine levels.


How much iodine do I need?

Because iodine is required for optimal thyroid function and developmental growth, the amount of iodine required varies depending on a person's life stage.

According to the National Institutes of Health, the following is the daily iodine intake recommendation:

Life Stage                               Recommended Amount

Birth to 6 months                         110 mcg

Infants 7–12 months                 130 mcg

Children 1–8 years                         90 mcg

Children 9–13 years                 120 mcg

Teens 14–18 years                         150 mcg

Adults                                         150 mcg

Pregnant teens and women         220 mcg

Breastfeeding teens and women,  290 mcg

Pregnant and lactating mothers require the greatest iodine since their iodine levels are passed down to their kid during development. As a result, lactating mothers should consume the greatest quantity of iodine suggested in order to guarantee that their breast milk includes adequate iodine for their infant.


When it comes to iodine, how much is too much?

Maximum iodine needs to vary by life stage as well. A small kid should not consume more than 300 mcg of iodine per day, whereas an adult should consume no more than 1,100 mcg. Iodine excess can cause symptoms comparable to iodine insufficiency, such as goiter or hyperthyroidism.


What foods are good sources of iodine?

In the 1920s, iodized table salt alleviated much iodine deficiency problems; however, research shows that an iodine deficiency problem may be resurfacing in the United States as more people choose for non-iodized kosher salt and sea salt.

Apart from salt, there are several iodine-rich foods to choose from. You can get extra iodine in your diet by eating dairy products (especially milk and eggs) and seafood (fish, shrimp, and seaweed). Iodine may also be found in fruits and vegetables, including lima beans, bananas, and maize.


Can you take iodine supplements?

Iodine supplements come in the form of capsules or pills and may be purchased over-the-counter. Some of them are made from kelp that is high in iodine (a type of seaweed). Although these products do not require a prescription, they must be distinguished from other iodine formulations.

Iodine is a necessary component for our bodies, but it may also be used as an antiseptic to cure small cuts and wounds and prevent infection. Iodine tinctures and other liquid-based forms of iodine are only meant to be applied externally and should not be consumed.

The potassium iodide in Lugol's solution is not meant to be used as a supplement. It can be used to treat thyrotoxicosis (thyroid storm) and radiation emergency when taken under the guidance of a doctor. Without the advice and supervision of a medical practitioner, do not consume an iodine-containing drink.

If you want to take an iodine supplement, talk to your doctor or a dietician about which products to use and what dose is good for you. These supplements usually have a 150 mcg iodine content, which is the recommended daily iodine intake for adults. However, everyone's nutritional demands are different, and for some people, consuming more iodine-rich foods may be a preferable therapeutic choice.



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